Fatawa Tatarkhania is
one of the greatest Islamic heritages and academic masterpiece left behind by
Delhi Sultanate in India. Fatawa Tatarkhania
was compiled into thirty volumes which serve as the encyclopedia of Islamic
jurisprudence and fatwa literature. It is considered one of the reference books
for the future works on Hanafi Fiqh. It was compiled by Shaikh ‘Aalim bin ‘Ala
Indarpati (d. 1381/786AH) in the reign of Sultan Feroz Shah
Tughlaq (i.e. 1351-1389), but it was attributed to a notable noble Tatar Khan
for his patronage of learning class and ulama.
collection of Hanafi Fiqh was prevalent for many centuries in the academic
circles, but it was not published completely until recent time. The manuscripts
of the collection were available in several libraries in Hyderabad, Rampur,
Patna and Khedive Library Egypt, but the complete copy of it was preserved in
the Library of Peer Muhammad Shah (d. 1751) in Ahmadabad (Gujarat, India).
was published twice; once in Pakistan and secondly in Beirut, but the credit of
publishing its complete and edited version goes to Mufti Shabbir Ahmad Qasmi of
Jamia Qasmia Shahi Moradabad (UP, INDIA) who after comparing its different
copies, published in 23 thick volumes and 14,300 pages. He has numbered all the
rulings of the book which reach up to 33,778. The book contains more than
10,000 references from the Quran and Hadith.
Mufti Muhammadullah Qasmi